Piling up runs in Test cricket is considered the ultimate challenge compared to the other formats. For the record, the red ball used in the traditional format tends to swing a lot more compared to the white ball that is used in limited-overs cricket. The batsman needs to assess the conditions before going about his work to get the desirable results.
Moreover, the longest format puts greater physical and mental ultimatum on players compared to ODIs and T20Is. In order to survive in Test cricket, a batsman requires focus, patience and endurance. Besides that, the batsman must adapt to changing conditions over several days. As a result, dictating the terms and achieving a milestone can be really demanding.
Players with a debut century for India in Test cricket
Case in point, scoring a century in Test cricket is not that easy for a debutant. He needs to withstand long spells of concentration and should also tackle pressure situations and make decisions accordingly. India have always been a nation that has produced batsmen of high calibre. There were several batters who went on to dominate the proceedings and score a century for India on their Test debut.
Notably, Lala Amarnath was the first Indian batter to score a hundred on his Test debut. He achieved the feat against England at the Gymkhana Ground (Azad Maidan) in Mumbai in 1933. He ended up scoring a memorable 118. On the other hand, Abbas Ali Baig became the first Indian cricketer to hit an overseas century on his Test debut. He chipped in with 112 against England at Manchester in 1959.
Prithvi Shaw shot to fame after he became the youngest batsman to score a Test ton for India in 2018. He achieved the feat against West Indies cricket at the age of 18 years and 329 days old. Shikhar Dhawan scored the fastest century on his Test debut as he achieved the feat off just 93 balls against Australia in 2013. Yashasvi Jaiswal who made his Test debut against the West Indies scored a century.
|Lala Amarnath||118||England||Mumbai||December 1933|
|Deepak Shodhan||110||Pakistan||Kolkata||December 1952|
|AG Kripal Singh||100*||New Zealand||Hyderabad (Deccan)||November 1955|
|Abbas Ali Baig||112||England||Manchester||July 1959|
|Hanumant Singh||105||England||Delhi||February 1964|
|Gundappa Visvanath||137||Australia||Kanpur||November 1969|
|Surinder Amarnath||124||New Zealand||Auckland||January 1976|
|Mohammad Azharuddin||110||England||Kolkata||December 1984|
|Pravin Amre||103||South Africa||Durban||November 1992|
|Sourav Ganguly||131||England||Lord’s||June 1996|
|Virender Sehwag||105||South Africa||Bloemfontein||November 2001|
|Suresh Raina||120||Sri Lanka||Colombo||July 2010|
|Shikhar Dhawan||187||Australia||Mohali||March 2013|
|Rohit Sharma||177||West Indies||Kolkata||November 2013|
|Prithvi Shaw||134||West Indies||Rajkot||October 2018|
|Shreyas Iyer||105||New Zealand||Kanpur||November 2021|
|Yashasvi Jaiswal||143*||West Indies||Roseau, Dominica||July 2023|